Today is the Feast Day (in the Eastern tradition of the Church) for Gregory of Nazianzus, who died on this date in 390.
Gregory of Nazianzus ( c. 329 – 25 January 390), also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologician. He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age. As a classically trained orator and philosopher he infused Hellenism into the early church, establishing the paradigm of Byzantine theologians and church officials.
Gregory made a significant impact on the shape of Trinitarian theology among both Greek- and Latin-speaking theologians, and he is remembered as the “Trinitarian Theologian”. Much of his theological work continues to influence modern theologians, especially in regard to the relationship among the three Persons of the Trinity. Along with the brothers Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa, he is known as one of the Cappadocian Fathers.
Gregory is a saint in both Eastern and Western Christianity. In the Roman Catholic Church he is numbered among the Doctors of the Church; in Eastern Orthodoxy and the Eastern Catholic Churches he is revered as one of the Three Holy Hierarchs, along with Basil the Great and John Chrysostom.
He is also one of only three men in the life of the Orthodox Church who have been officially designated “Theologian” by epithet,the other two being St. John the Theologian (the Evangelist), and St. Symeon the New Theologian. (via Wikipedia)
As Gregory’s greatest contribution to theology was likely his work on the Holy Spirit, we are pleased to offer here, his Oration on the Holy Spirit.
The Fifth Theological Oration
On the Holy Spirit
Gregory of Nazianzus
Parts I – V